What Europe needs

The EU has three options: 

  • Back to the Westphalian nation-state
  • Keeping the EU as it is now: intergovernmental administration based on a treaty
  • Establishing the United States of Europe, based on a federal constitution. That's what Europe needs.

Back to the Westphalian nation-state


  • This is an out-dated, retarded form of sovereignty
  • Closed borders, deterring immigration
  • Anarchy between nation-states. Anarchy in the sense of the absence of cross-border administration, causing conflicts and wars
  • Inevitable wars as in the 19th and 20th century
  • Shrinking of diversity and innovation
  • Shrinking of national economies through protectionism and isolationism

Keeping the EU as it is now: intergovernmental administration based on a treaty


  • The intergovernmental administration destroys the sovereignty of the member states, forcing them to assimilate
  • Member states use the EU as a pigeonhole: in-out
  • No respect for, nor acceptance of the treaty-based duties
  • Vulnerable to external threats like economic crises, terrorism, climate change
  • No common policy with respect to cross border common interests and concerns like economy, social security, immigration, safety, energy/climate, defence, foreign affairs
  • No global power like the USA, China and Russia

Establishing the United States of Europe, based on a federal constitution


  • Vertical division of powers, creating shared sovereignty
  • Each member state keeps its sovereignty, cultural identity and language
  • No forced assimilation
  • Cross border administration to secure common interests and concerns
  • Open borders, diversity, innovation, safety and welfare
  • Stronger than the USA, China and Russia
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